A definition of hosting
As its name indicates, web hosting is a service, which involves hosting web content. There are different forms and types of hosting, based on the mission and on the objectives. In spite of that, they all pertain to hosting files, which, once hosted, are made available throughout the Web. A host is actually a hosting server that is connected to the Internet and has its own personal IP address, which enables users to get access to it via the World Wide Web. The web hosting server's architecture and its limitations are dependent on the kind of web hosting service it's going to be utilized for.
What are the different forms of hosting?
Based on the mission, the hosting service may be:
File Hosting - this type of hosting enables the clients to stash their files on a given server. With the classic file storage web hosting service, the files that are stored may only be accessed by the client that's using the service. This web hosting solution normally entails backups of personal computers , documents, private files and even other hosting servers. This solution may also contain given restrictions with regard to the disk storage and the root privileges. There may also be traffic limits, but that depends on the actual hosting service provider.
Warez Web Hosting - the so-called warez hosting service is very similar to the previous web hosting service form. In spite of that, unlike the file storage web hosting service, the warez web hosting solution is utilized for transmitting licensed content without the permission of the licence owner. In short - it entails the illicit transmission of files and materials. There are multiple ways for this to be accomplished, but the two essential approaches are - through simple HTTP downloading and via peer-to-peer connections. The first way entails either a specific website, or, most typically, simply a directory on a web hosting server that's been made available for everybody to access it and thus download patented files free of charge. The second approach entails a peer-to-peer connection, availing of the so-called Torrent servers, through which people transfer files between each other. There are a few web space hosting vendors that allow such form of web hosting on their servers, chiefly because of all the legal troubles that it entails. Usually such web sites are hosted on personal dedicated servers that are registered by third-party firms either in the Middle East or in Asia.
E-mail Hosting - this solution is utilized with both shared site hosting and dedicated hosting servers, depending on the customer's intention. If you want to run your very own personal SMTP e-mail server, then you will need either a virtual hosting server or a dedicated hosting server that offers the level of access required to carry out such an assignment. For ordinary e-mail hosting ends, however, you can avail of a regular shared hosting account, to which you can point the mail exchanger records of your domain. This is not a service that's widely used, because the web site hosting and the mail hosting services are being served by two separate servers, often owned by separate hosting providers.
Web Site Hosting - the most famous and extensively used hosting service now. It's used for hosting web site files, whose type depends on the Operating System the hosting server is running - Linux or Windows. Different sorts of files require specific server Operating Systems, otherwise they won't be displayed appropriately on the Web. This kind of hosting may include web space and traffic limits, root-level access and central processing unit usage limitations.
Depending on the aims and on the usage, the user should choose the kind of web server that he demands for his project, and, of course, the webspace hosting vendor that's going to furnish it. There are various sorts of web servers, based on the specs and the webspace hosting services that they provide. These are:
Shared Website Hosting Server - a shared web page hosting server supplies a smaller quantity of system resources, which, of course, is reflected on the price of the service. It can be utilized for hosting small size and medium web pages, which do not require huge quotas of server storage and traffic.
Semi-Dedicated Servers Hosting - they work on the same principle as the shared hosting servers. Yet, there are much fewer users accommodated on the same hosting server. Therefore, each of them will receive a bigger quota of the web hosting server's resources like RAM, storage space, bandwidth and CPU. Perfect for hosting heavy websites that do not need full root access.
VPS - the virtual private web servers are ideal for middle sized websites, which do need root-level access to the web server's config files. Normally, there are a bunch of private virtual web server hosting accounts placed on the same physical server. Nonetheless, each of them is autonomous from the rest and runs its own OS.
Dedicated Servers Hosting - a fully dedicated physical machine set up and accessed by you and only you. It guarantees an immense quantity of resources. It also gives full server root privileges, which renders it the optimal solution for any kind of web portal that necessitates a website hosting service.
The only question that remains is:
Which website hosting vendor should I choose?
As mentioned above, there aren't many web hosts providing warez web hosting solutions due to judicial troubles. Such hosts are being shut down almost every month. For that reason, if you would like to run such a service, you should do it on your own personal computer. The shared webspace hosting solution is the most widely spread type of web hosting service. So, each and every webspace hosting firm provides it. Not all of them, however, provide services such as VPS web hosting servers, semi-dedicated servers and dedicated hosting servers. Most of the small scale site hosting companies do not have the resources needed for offering those solutions. Therefore it's invariably best to opt for a bigger web hosting company that can provide its clients with all the services that they are searching for. You can effortlessly ID such hosts by the sorts of services that they are providing and by the manner in which they introduce them to the clientele. For instance, some web hosts allow you to begin with a low-end hosting plan and then shift to a bigger one, if you deem it necessary to do so. This is very suitable, because you do not need to transmit websites between hosting servers and there is no risk of experiencing service interruptions due to all the complications that may take place. Web hosting companies such as Free Hostia offer all sorts of services and have the necessary web server resources and personnel to guarantee that their clients will not suffer any predicaments when swapping services, which is what a top hosting vendor is actually all about.